Fourth, spontaneous immigration. Population in densely populated areas moved to sparsely populated areas without the consent of the central government. For example, after a large number of Jiangxi people moved to Changsha Palace, it was not until Yongle that the household registration was resolved. Shanxi and Jiangxi immigrants who moved to Nanyang in Henan and Yunyang in Hubei were not so lucky. Until the mid-Ming Dynasty, the government regarded them as illegal "refugees".
According to the documents of Ming Taizu Records, Ming History, Food Records, Li Shanchang Biography and Yunnan Tongzhi, the migrants in the early Ming Dynasty mainly migrated from Inner Mongolia, Susong Jiahu, Hangzhou, Shanxi and other sporadic areas. The principle is to migrate according to the proportion of "one family of four, two family of six and three family of eight".
Since we want to immigrate, we need to have an immigration distribution center. In the early Ming Dynasty, the government established eight famous immigration centers. They are: Shanxi Hongdong Robinia pseudoacacia; Suzhou Yanmen; Jiangxi Waxiaoba; Hubei Macheng Xiaogan Township; Shandong Zaolinzhuang; Guangdong Nanxiong Zhulu Lane; Fujian Ninghuabi Village; Hebei Xiaoxingzhou. It will take tens of millions of people to move to all parts of the country 66 times from these eight places. Among them, 18 were relocated from Hongdong, accounting for 27% of the 66 recorded in the early Ming Dynasty. Therefore, what we are introducing to our friends here is only some content related to the great locust tree in Hongdong, Shanxi Province.
First of all, the following two points need to be clarified:
Firstly, the migration of the Great Sophora Tree in Hongdong did not begin in the Ming Dynasty. From Song Dynasty to Jin Dynasty, from the beginning of Yuan Dynasty to the beginning of Ming Dynasty, a large-scale immigration activity with government organizations was formed. The migration activities in Ming Dynasty continued the Ming Dynasty, but mainly in Hongwu and Yongle years. During the reign of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty, such activities continued, but only sporadically.
Secondly, the migrants of Hongdong Great Sophora Tree are not only migrants of Hongdong, but also the gathering place of migrants in Shanxi. In the early Ming Dynasty, Shanxi Province had jurisdiction over five prefectures, three Zhili prefectures, sixteen Sanzhou prefectures and seventy-nine counties. The Immigrant Owners in the Early Ming Dynasty Recorded in Historical Records